Jacques-Yves Cousteau (1910 – 1997)
A pioneering undersea explorer, photographer, inventor, and writer. Most significant was the work he produced for television, which enlightened audiences around the world about the ocean’s natural treasures and the effects of pollution. While some critics have challenged his scientific credentials, Cousteau never claimed “expert status” in any discipline. But perhaps to a greater degree than any of his fellow scientists, Cousteau was one of the first to publicise the irreversible effects of environmental destruction.